Rhetorical strategies of counter-journalism: How American YouTubers are challenging dominant media election narratives

Autor

  • Weronika Wiora Jagiellonian University
  • Katarzyna Molek-Kozakowska

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29107/rr2021.1.6

Słowa kluczowe:

kontrdziennikarstwo, weryfikowanie faktów, kontrowanie, krytyka, YouTube, amerykańskie wybory prezydenckie

Abstrakt

Standardy i praktyki dziennikarskie, które mają służyć demokratycznej deliberacji w erze cyfryzacji są stałym przedmiotem analiz. Stany Zjednoczone to kraj o długiej tradycji dziennikarstwa śledczego, które wielokrotnie odkrywało szkodliwe działania polityków i biznesmenów. W dobie dominacji nowych mediów, do tych praktyk dziennikarskich dołączyła jeszcze konieczność sprawdzania faktów i kontrowania narracji i twierdzeń propagowanych w upolitycznionych mediach komercyjnych. Niniejszy artykuł poświęcony jest retoryce nowego gatunku kontrdziennikarstwa cyfrowego. Przedstawia wyniki analizy strategii retorycznych i erystycznych zidentyfikowanych w krótkich filmach rozpowszechnianych przez popularne na kanały YouTube, za pomocą których dziennikarze krytykują bądź kontrują doniesienia medialne dotyczące kampanii prezydenckiej w USA w 2020 r. Analiza ukazuje wybrane sposoby używane przez youtuberów-dziennikarzy, gdy omawiają oni oficjalne narracje medialne, przedstawiają kontrargumenty i krytykę, uzupełniając to weryfikowaniem stanu faktycznego, ujawnianiem dowodów, czy podawaniem alternatywnych wyjaśnień. Jednocześnie kontrdziennikarstwo nie jest wolne od erystyki, która może wpłynąć na odbiór kwestii politycznych przez widzów.

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Opublikowane

2021-03-27

Jak cytować

Wiora, Weronika, i Katarzyna Molek-Kozakowska. 2021. „Rhetorical Strategies of Counter-Journalism: How American YouTubers Are Challenging Dominant Media Election Narratives”. "Res Rhetorica" 8 (1):99-123. https://doi.org/10.29107/rr2021.1.6.

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