The Rhetoric of Silence in Contemporary Autopathography: Susan Gubar and Eve Ensler on Gynecological Cancer



Słowa kluczowe:

nowotwory ginekologiczne, autopatografia, strategie narracyjne, cisza, wstyd


Pomimo stwierdzenia Mary Deshazer, że życie z rakiem stało się tematem naszych czasów (2005, 1), o niektórych rodzajach nowotworów wciąż się nie mówi publicznie. Niniejszy artykuł omawia autopatografie nowotworów ginekologicznych Susan Gubar i Eve Ensler w kontekście ciszy. Studium dotyczy trudności autorek w znalezieniu terminów na określenie doświadczenia ich choroby oraz braku społecznie akceptowalnego sposobu opisywania chorującego kobiecego ciała. Analiza wykazuje, że cisza konstruowana wokół problemu jest niewskazana i nieefektywna.

Biogram autora

Marta Fernández-Morales, University of Oviedo

Dpt. of English, French, and German Philology

Associate Professor // Senior Lecturer 


Abbott, Dorothy. 1981. Nothing’s Changed. Diary of a Mastectomy. New York: Frederick Fell Publishers.

Ahmed, Sara. 2004. The Cultural Politics of Emotion. London and New York: Routledge.

Antolin, Pascale. 2017. “‘Cancer Was an Alchemist’: Eve Ensler’s Experiences of Vulnerability in In the Body of the World.” European Journal of American Studies 12 (2): DOI 10.4000/ejas.12074.

Avrahami, Einat. 2007. The Invading Body. Reading Illness Autobiographies. Charlottesville and London: University of Virginia Press.

Bledy, Chris. 2008. Beating Ovarian Cancer. New York: Aviva Publishing.

Charon, Rita. 2006. Narrative Medicine: Honouring the Stories of Illness. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Conway, Kathlyn. 2007. Beyond Words. Illness and the Limits of Expression. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Cooper, Pamela. 2002. “Violence, Pain, Pleasure: Wit.” In Peering behind the Curtain. Disability, Illness, and the Extraordinary Body in Contemporary Theater, eds. Thomas Fahy and Kimball King, 24–34. New York and London: Routledge.

Couser, Thomas. 1997. Recovering Bodies. Illness, Disability, and Life Writing. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Deshazer, Mary K. 2005. Fractured Borders. Reading Women’s Cancer Literature. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Dubriwny, Tasha. 2013. The Vulnerable Empowered Woman. Feminism, Postfeminism, and Women’s Health. New Brunswick and London: Rutgers University Press.

Edson, Margaret. 1999. Wit. New York: Faber and Faber.

Ehrenreich, Barbara. 2009. Smile or Die. How Positive Thinking Fooled America and the World. London: Granta.

Ensler, Eve. 1998. The Vagina Monologues. New York: Villard.

Ensler, Eve. 2013. In the Body of the World. A Memoir. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Fernández-Morales, Marta. 2006. “Foucauldian Biopower in Contemporary Anglo-American Theater: Margaret Edson and Nell Dunn.” B.E.L.L.S. 15:

Fernández-Morales, Marta. 2015. “Theater as a Crusade against Gender Violence: The Case of V-Day (Revisited).” In Violence and Gender in the Globalized World. The Intimate and the Extimate, 2nd Edition, eds. Sanja Bahun and Julie Rajan, 271–290. Farnham: Ashgate.

Fernández-Morales, Marta. 2020. “Postmillennial Cancer Narratives: Feminism and Postfeminism in Eve Ensler’s In the Body of the World.” Feminist Theory 21 (2): 235–252.

Frank, Arthur. 1995. The Wounded Storyteller. Body, Illness, and Ethics. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

Frank, Arthur. (1991) 2002. At the Will of the Body. Reflections on Illness. Boston and New York: Mariner Books.

Gilbert, Sandra, and Susan Gubar. (1979) 2000. The Madwoman in the Attic. The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-century Literary Imagination. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Gubar, Susan. 2012. Memoir of a Debulked Woman. Enduring Ovarian Cancer. New York and London: Norton & Co.

Hudson Jones, Anne. 1990. “Literature and Medicine: Traditions and Innovations.” In The Body in the Text. Comparative Essays in Literature and Medicine, eds. Bruce Clarke and Wendell Aycock, 11–24. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press.

Hunsaker Hawkins, Anne. 1993. Reconstructing Illness: Studies in Pathography. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press.

Jain, S. Lochlann. 2013. Malignant. When Cancer Becomes Us. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Kaysen, Susanna. 2001. The Camera My Mother Gave Me. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Klawiter, Maren. 2008. The Biopolitics of Breast Cancer. Changing Cultures of Disease and Activism. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.

Kleinman, Arthur. 1988. The Illness Narratives. Suffering, Healing and the Human Condition. New York: Basic Books.

Kosofsky Sedgwick, Eve, and Adam Frank. 1995. Shame and Its Sisters. A Silvan Tomkins Reader. Durham and London: Duke University Press.

Kristeva, Julia. 1982. Powers of Horror. An Essay on Abjection. New York: Columbia University Press.

Kushner, Rose. 1975. Breast Cancer: A Personal History and an Investigative Report. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Lorde, Audre. 1980. The Cancer Journals. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.

Lorde, Audre. 1988. A Burst of Light: Essays. Ann Arbor: Firebrand Books.

Matuschka, 1993. “What Motivated Matuschka to Photograph Beauty out of Damage.” Glamour magazine, November.

Matuschka, 1996. “Barbie Gets Breast Cancer.” In Women, Sex, and Power in the Nineties, eds. Nan Bauer Maglin and Donna Perry, 247–264. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Radner, Gilda. 1989. It’s Always Something. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Rollin, Betty. 1976. First, You Cry. New York: Harper Collins.

Rose, Gillian. 1995. Love’s Work. New York: New York Review Books.

Roth, Dina. 2010. Previvors. Facing the Breast Cancer Gene and Making Life-Changing Decisions. New York: Avert.

Schmitt, Arnaud. 2017. The Phenomenology of Autobiography. Making It Real. New York and London: Routledge.

Smith, Sidonie, and Julia Watson. 2010. Reading Autobiography. A Guide for Interpreting Life Narratives, 2nd Edition. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.

Sobchack, Vivian. 2004. Carnal Thoughts. Embodiment and Moving Image Culture. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Sontag, Susan. 1977. Illness as Metaphor. New York: Vintage.

Stacey, Jackie. (1997) 2013. Teratologies. A Cultural Study of Cancer. London and New York: Routledge.

Stoddard Holmes, Martha. 2006. “Pink Ribbons and Public Private Parts: On Not Imagining Ovarian Cancer.” Literature and Medicine 25 (2): 475–501.

Tomkins, Silvan. 1963. Affect Imagery Consciousness, Vol. II: The Negative Affects. New York: Springer.

Van Billiard, Barbara R. 2005. A Feather in My Wig. Ovarian Cancer: Cured. Portsmouth: Peter E. Randall Publisher.

Wailoo, Keith. 2011. How Cancer Crossed the Color Line. Oxford: Oxford University Press.




Jak cytować

Fernández-Morales, Marta. 2020. „The Rhetoric of Silence in Contemporary Autopathography: Susan Gubar and Eve Ensler on Gynecological Cancer”. "Res Rhetorica" 7 (4):49-66.