The Social False Dilemma: Perpetuating Conflicts between Liberals and Conservatives

Brent Kice

Abstrakt


Fałszywy dylemat społeczny: Utrwalanie konfliktów między liberałami i konserwatystami. Niniejszy esej dotyczy umacniania się fałszywego dylematu (błędu fałszywej alternatywy) w konstrukcji społecznych kategorii liberałów i konserwatystów. Błąd logiczny fałszywej alternatywy polega na wprowadzaniu tylko dwóch opcji rozwiązania problemu, czym zaburza zdolność odbiorców do generowania kreatywnych rozwiązań. Dychotomiczność politycznych pozycji utrudnia także myślenie krytyczne poprzez wprowadzanie argumentacji typu albo-albo. W przypadkach, kiedy w sferze publicznej zakłada się dychotomię w ramach fałszywego dylematu, deliberacja na temat polityczny jest praktycznie uniemożliwiona. Niniejszy esej skupia się na sytuacji podziałów w polityce amerykańskiej, zwraca uwagę na przykłady dychotomii, promuje Dissoi Logoi jako sposób ominięcia błędu fałszywej alternatywy oraz omawia konsekwencje dychotomiczności dla deliberacji w systemie demokratycznym.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29107/rr2019.1.4

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