The Concept of ‘Rhetoric’ in a Linguistic Perspective: Historical, Systematic, and Theoretical Aspects of Rhetoric as Formal Language Usage

Fee-Alexandra Haase

Abstrakt


Rhetoric is commonly known as an old discipline for the persuasive usage of language in linguistic communication acts. In this article we examine the concept ‘rhetoric’ from 1. the diachronic perspective of historical linguistics showing that the concept ‘rhetoric’ is linguistically present in various Indo-European roots and exists across several language families and 2. the theoretical perspective towards the concept ‘rhetoric’ with a contemporary defi nition and model in the tradition of rhetorical theory. The historical and systematic approaches allow us to describe the features of the conceptualization of ‘rhetoric’ as the process in theory and empirical language history. The aim of this article is a formal description of the concept ‘rhetoric’ as a result of a theoretical process of this conceptualization, the rhetorization, and the historical documentation of the process of the emergence of the concept ‘rhetoric’ in natural languages. We present as the concept ‘rhetoric’ a specifi c mode of linguistic communication in ‘rhetoricized’ expressions of a natural language. Within linguistic communicative acts ‘rhetoricized language’ is a process of forming structured linguistic expressions. Based on traditional rhetorical theory we will in a case study present ‘formalization,’ ‘structuralization,’ and ‘symbolization’ as the three principle processes, which are parts of this process of rhetorization in rhetorical theory

Pełny tekst:

PDF (English)

Bibliografia


Aristotle. Ars Rhetorica. Ed. W. D. Ross. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Perseus Project. Tufts University. January 23, 2014, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3atext%3a

01.0059.

Aristotle. Aristotle in 23 Volumes. Vol. 22. Tr. J. H. Freese. Aristotle. Cambridge and London. Harvard University Press; William Heinemann Ltd. 1926. Perseus Project. Tufts University. January 23, 2014, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0060%3A

book%3D1%3Achapter%3D1>.

Bartoszewicz, I. (2012). Linguistics and Rhetoric – Reciprocal Perception. “Forum Artis Rhetoricae” 2.December 12, 2013, http://www.retoryka.edu.pl/fi les/far3_2012_ed_ang.pdf

Borkowski, D. (2008). The Emergence of a New Rhetoric Since the 1960s: A History of the Linguistic Reformation of American Culture. Lewiston: Mellen.

Brockriede, W. E. ( 1968) Dimensions of the Concept of Rhetoric. “The Quarterly Journal of Speech” 54.1, pp.: 1-12. The European Institute of Rhetoric (EIR). University of the Saarland. January 23, 2014, http://www.

uni-saarland.de/en/institut/the-european-institute-of-rhetoric-eir.html

Frank, T. (1985) Linguistic Theory and the Doctrine of Usage in George Campbell’s „Philosophy of Rhetoric”. “Lingua e Stile” 20.2, pp.: 199-216.

Heilmann, L. (1978) Rhetoric, New Rhetoric and Linguistic Theory. “Folia Linguistica” 12.3-4, pp.285-300.

Hopper, P. J. (2007) Linguistics and Micro-Rhetoric. A Twenty-First Century Encounter. “Journal of English Linguistics”, 35.3, pp.: 236-252.

Ilie, C. (2014) Rhetoric In: The International Encyclopedia of Communication. Ed. Wolfgang Donsbach. January 23, 2014, http://www.communicationencyclopedia.com/public/tocnode?qu

ery=rhetoric&widen=1&result_number=15&from=search&id=g9781405131995_yr2013_chunk_

g978140513199523_ss55-1&type=std&fuzzy=0&slop=1

Indo-European Lexicon. PIE Etymon and IE Refl exes. “Linguistics Research Center.” University of Texas. January 12, 2014, http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/ielex/X/P2167.html

Jasinski, J. (2001). Sourcebook on Rhetoric. Concepts in Contemporary Rhetorical Studies. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Köbler, G. (2006). Neuhochdeutsch-althochdeutsches Wörterbuch. Homepage Gerhard Köbler.January 12, 2014, http://www.koeblergerhard.de/germanistischewoerterbuecher/althochdeutscheswoerterbuch/nhd-ahd.pdf

Lausberg, H. (1998). Handbook of Literary Rhetoric: A Foundation for Literary Study. Foreword by George A. Kennedy. Transl. by Matthew T. Bliss. Ed. by David E. Orton & R. Dean Anderson. Leiden: Brill.

Liddell, H. G.; Scott, R. (1940). A Greek-English Lexicon Revised and Augmented throughout by Sir Henry Stuart Jones with the Assistance of Roderick McKenzie. Oxford. Clarendon Press. Perseus Project. Tufts University. January 23, 2014, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dr(htorei%2Fa&highlight=rhetoric

Murray, J. S. (1984) The True Rhetoric. An Analysis of Plato’s Conception of Persuasion. Ann Arbor,Mich.; Univ. Microfi lms International.

Paul, D. (1978). The Roman Conception of Rhetoric. Coleraine, New Univ. of Ulster, Diss..

Payne, D. (1986). Rhetoric, Reality, and Knowledge: A Re-Examination of Protagoras. “Concept of Rhetoric”. “Rhetoric Society Quarterly” 16., pp. 187-197.

Plett, H.F. (2010). Literary Rhetoric. Concepts, Structures, Analyses. Leiden: Brill.

Quintilian, Marcus Fabius. Institutio Oratoria. The Latin Library. January 23, 2014, http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/quintilian/quintilian.institutio1.shtml#5

“Rhetor.” In:A Greek-English Lexicon. Ed. Henry George Liddell and Robert Scott. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1940. Perseus Project. Tufts University. January 23, 2014, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dr(hth%2Fr

“ῥητ-ός.” In: A Greek-English Lexicon. Ed. Henry George Liddell and Robert Scott. Oxford:Clarendon Press, 1940. Perseus Project. Tufts University. January 23, 2014, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dr(hto%2Fs

“ῥήτρη.” In: A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges. Ed. Georg Autenrieth. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1891. Perseus Project. Tufts University. January 23, 2013, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0073%3Aentry%3Dr(h%2Ftrh

“ῥήτρα.” In: A Greek-English Lexicon. Ed. Henry George Liddell and Robert Scott. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1940. Persues Project. Tufts University. January 23, 2014, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dr(h%2Ftra

“ῥητέον.” In: A Greek-English Lexicon. Ed. Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1940. Perseus Project. Tufts University. January 23, 2013, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dr(hte%2Fon

“Rhetoric.” In: A Greek-English Lexicon. Ed. Henry George Liddell and Robert Scott. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1940. Perseus Project. Tufts University. January 23, 2014, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dr(htorei%2Fa&highlight=rhetoric

“Rhetoric”. In: The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 2014. Fourth Edition.

Houghton Miffl in Company. The Free Dictionary. January 23, 2014, http://www.thefreedictionary.com/rhetoric

“Rhetoric”. In: Brill’s New Pauly. Ed. Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider. Brill Online. November 29, 2013, http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/brill-s-new-pauly/rhetoric-e1022090

“Rhetoric”. In: Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus. Cambridge Dictionaries. December 23, 2013, http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/rhetoric

“Rhetorik”. In: Duden Online. January 23, 2014, http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Rhetorik

“Rhetoric”. In: Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. January 24, 2014, http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/rhetoric

“Rhetoric”. In: Middle English Dictionary. University of Michigan. January 23, 2014, http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/med/med_quot_search.html

“Rhetoric”. In: Oxford English Dictionary. Online Edition 2013. December 23, 2013, http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/defi nition/english/rhetoric

“Rhetoric”. In: Religion Past and Present. Brill Online. November 29, 2013, http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/religion-past-and-present/rhetoric-COM_024625

Rhetorik. Begriff - Geschichte – Internationalität. Edited by Gert Ueding. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2005.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17380/rr.v1i1.9

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.